The largest group of unauthorized immigrants headed to the US comes from Central America’s “Northern Triangle,” which spans parts of Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. The majority of those leaving are from Guatemala, and the highest percentage of Guatemalans are from the department of Huehuetenango.
Many families that leave El Salvador and Honduras for the US are escaping unspeakable brutality. The countries have murder rates of 60 per 100,000 people and 42.8 per 100,000, respectively. (The murder rate in the US is 5.3 per 100,000.) The murder rate in Guatemala is far lower, at 26.1 per 100,000, and Huehuetenango, from where the bulk of Guatemalan immigrants originate, is one of nation’s least violent.