Climate change is threatening coffee in Central America. Temperatures are rising, making it harder to grow high-quality Coffea arabica in the altitudes where it is currently grown. Rains are becoming erratic and unpredictable, sometimes leading to flooding and other times resulting in drought. Climate change has also been blamed for the spread of coffee pests and diseases, like coffee rust, which has been causing major problems to Central American coffee production since 2012.
“I would say climate change is the single most important threat to coffee production that we see over the long run,” says Hanna Neuschwander.