The demand for coffee and cocoa all over the world is on the rise. However, across the equatorial belt where these two crops are produced, the future is not looking bright. Climate change in the tropics is pushing coffee and cocoa to the limits of physiological tolerance and constraining the places where they grow in the future.
How coffee and cocoa could affect the distribution of these crops from Panama to Central Mexico is what a new study examined. Coffee production, particularly Arabica coffee, will possibly decrease as global warming and extreme weather events reduce the geographical areas where it grows best, and increase susceptibility to pest and disease outbreaks – in 2017, coffee leaf rust affected 70 percent of the coffee farms in Central America.