Farmer David Armstrong has finished planting 20,000 coffee trees, which is arguably the most difficult crop his family has ever grown since his grandparents began farming in 1865.
Except Armstrong isn’t in Central America’s tropics; he’s in Ventura, California, barely 60 miles (97 kilometres) from Los Angeles.
“I believe now I can call myself a coffee farmer!” he exclaimed as he planted the final seedlings of high-quality arabica coffee varietals long grown in blazing equatorial climates.
Coffee is mostly grown in the Coffee Belt, which runs between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, and includes nations like Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, and Vietnam, which have offered the finest climate for coffee trees, which require continual heat to survive.
Temperatures are changing all throughout the world as a result of climate change. This is wreaking havoc on crops in some areas while opening great opportunities in others. This includes California and Florida, where coffee is being researched by farmers and researchers.
Armstrong recently joined a group of farmers who are part of the country’s largest-ever coffee-growing project. The United States is the world’s largest consumer of coffee, yet it only produces 0.01 percent of the worldwide crop, all of which is grown in Hawaii, one of just two U.S. states with a tropical climate, along with southern Florida.
Colombia, Brazil, and Vietnam, which are traditional coffee growers, have been harmed by high temperatures and changing rain patterns. Plant hardier crop kinds for certain of those countries’ coffee-growing regions, according to botanists and academics.