This evolution resulted in the establishment of The Coffee Board, an organisation tasked with the responsibility of facilitating the research, marketing, and distribution of coffee plants to the district’s indigenous communities. A farmer’s day begins with a dark roasted coffee mixture sweetened with jaggery.
Farmers in The Nilgiris district cultivate two varieties of coffee: Robusta and Arabica. Coffee plantations are located 3500ft above sea level.
They are shade-grown alongside a variety of crops such as Silver Oak, Mango, Jackfruit, Millets, and Spices. Indigenous communities cultivate and harvest coffee using traditional agricultural practises.
In coffee cultivation, bio-organic inputs such as Panchakaaviya and Poochiverati, a concoction made by themselves, are used. Leaf litter is used as manure by the producers.