With so many different types of beans and drinks to choose from, coffee can be intimidating. But it doesn’t have to be that way. To equip yourself with some above-average coffee experience, all it takes is a little time and minimal effort (promise!). After reading this no-nonsense guide to coffee, you’ll be happy enough to step into any grocery store or coffee shop and get your fix—whether it’s a bag of Arabica whole beans or a cortado to go. Oh, and if you need a place to start for home brews, we have some recommendations for the best coffee beans to grind and brew at home, as well as the best coffee makers.
Coffee Beans Come in a Variety of Shapes and Sizes
Arabica and Robusta are the two major varieties of coffee beans to be aware of. Those are the ones you’ll usually find in supermarkets. The names are derived from the coffee tree species on which the beans are grown. Let’s take a closer look at the distinctions.
Arabica Arabica is by far the most popular, and for good reason: the coffee has a mild, sweet flavour. It has a lower caffeine content than Robusta, and you can drink it black or make any coffee drink you want with it. It also produces the majority of the world’s coffee, despite the fact that it’s a difficult crop to grow due to its unique growing conditions. Arabica coffee makes up the majority of speciality coffee.