Dr. Judit Simon of the Heart and Vascular Centre, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, said, “To our knowledge, this is the largest study to comprehensively analyse the cardiovascular consequences of daily coffee intake in a population without documented heart disease.”
“Our findings show that frequent coffee consumption is safe,” she noted, “since even high daily intake was not linked to poor cardiovascular events or all-cause mortality following a 10- to 15-year follow-up.” “Moreover, drinking 0.5 to 3 cups of coffee per day was linked to a decreased risk of stroke, cardiovascular disease death, and death from any cause.”
Despite the fact that coffee is one of the world’s most popular beverages, little is known regarding the long-term effects of regular use on cardiovascular health.
This study looked into the link between regular coffee consumption and the risk of heart attack, stroke, and mortality. The study enrolled 468,629 UK Biobank participants who had no symptoms of cardiac disease at the time of enrolment. The average age was 56.2 years, and women made up 55.8% of the population.
Participants were separated into three groups based on their normal coffee consumption: none (22.1%), light-to-moderate (0.5 to 3 cups/day, 58.4%), and high (more than 3 cups/day, 19.5%).
Using multivariable models, the researchers examined the relationship between daily coffee consumption and incident outcomes across a median follow-up of 11 years. Age, sex, weight, height, smoking status, physical activity, high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol level, socioeconomic status, and customary intake of alcohol, meat, tea, fruit, and vegetables were all taken into account in the analyses.